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Popular Classical Music Artists

Discover Classical with top artists, albums, subgenres and listen to songs with tempo, key distribution statistics

Discover which keys and tempos are mostly used in Classical music

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Classical music, with its rich history and intricate compositions, stands as a testament to the power of human creativity and expression. Rooted in centuries of tradition and innovation, classical music encompasses a vast repertoire of styles and genres, from the baroque masterpieces of Bach and Handel to the romantic symphonies of Beethoven and Tchaikovsky. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the intricate world of classical music, examining the instruments, keys, tempos, and common elements that define the genre.

I. Instruments in Classical Music:

  1. String Instruments: The Heart of the Orchestra
    • String instruments such as the violin, viola, cello, and double bass form the backbone of the classical orchestra.
    • From the soaring melodies of the violin to the rich harmonies of the cello, string instruments are prized for their expressive capabilities and versatility in classical music compositions.
  2. Woodwind and Brass Instruments: Adding Color and Texture
    • Woodwind and brass instruments such as the flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, trumpet, and French horn add color and texture to the orchestral palette.
    • From the ethereal trills of the flute to the majestic fanfares of the trumpet, these instruments contribute to the dynamic range and sonic diversity of classical music compositions.
  3. Keyboard Instruments: The Foundation of Composition
    • Keyboard instruments such as the piano, harpsichord, and organ play a crucial role in classical music composition and performance.
    • From the intricate counterpoint of a Bach fugue to the lush harmonies of a Chopin nocturne, keyboard instruments provide the harmonic foundation and structural framework for classical music compositions.
  4. Percussion Instruments: Adding Rhythm and Impact
    • Percussion instruments such as the timpani, snare drum, cymbals, and bass drum add rhythm and impact to classical music compositions.
    • From the thunderous rolls of the timpani to the shimmering crashes of the cymbals, percussion instruments enhance the dramatic intensity and emotional depth of classical music performances.
  5. Vocalists and Choirs: Expressing Emotion and Drama
    • Vocalists and choirs play an important role in classical music, with singers using their voices to express emotion, drama, and narrative.
    • From the soaring arias of opera to the choral harmonies of sacred music, vocalists and choirs bring a human element to classical music compositions and performances.

II. Keys and Tempos in Classical Music:

  1. Key Considerations
    • Classical music often explores a wide range of keys, with composers drawing inspiration from various tonalities and harmonic progressions.
    • Key changes are used strategically to evoke different emotions and moods throughout a composition, with composers often employing complex modulation and chromaticism to create tension and resolution.
  2. The Tempo Factor
    • Tempos in classical music can vary widely, ranging from slow and contemplative adagios to fast-paced and energetic allegros.
    • Popular tempos include around 60-80 beats per minute (bpm) for slower movements and 120-160 bpm for faster movements.

III. Common Elements in Classical Music:

  1. Form and Structure
    • Form and structure are fundamental elements of classical music, with composers using established forms such as sonata-allegro, rondo, and theme and variations to organize their compositions.
    • Whether it's the dramatic arc of a symphony or the intricate counterpoint of a fugue, form and structure provide a framework for composers to develop their musical ideas and themes.
  2. Emotional Expression and Drama
    • Emotional expression and drama are central to classical music, with composers using dynamic contrasts, expressive melodies, and harmonic tension to convey a wide range of emotions and moods.
    • Whether it's the triumphant fanfares of a symphony or the haunting melodies of a nocturne, classical music has the power to move and inspire listeners with its emotional depth and complexity.
  3. Technical Virtuosity and Skill
    • Technical virtuosity and skill are hallmark traits of classical music, with performers demonstrating mastery over their instruments through precise articulation, control, and interpretation.
    • Whether it's the dazzling runs of a piano concerto or the nimble fingerwork of a violin sonata, classical music showcases the extraordinary talents of musicians and composers alike.
  4. Cultural Heritage and Legacy
    • Cultural heritage and legacy are at the heart of classical music, with composers drawing inspiration from the musical traditions and cultural heritage of their time and place.
    • Whether it's the folk melodies of Dvořák's New World Symphony or the ancient myths and legends of Wagner's Ring Cycle, classical music reflects the enduring legacy of human creativity and expression.


In conclusion, classical music is a timeless and enduring genre that continues to captivate audiences with its rich history, intricate compositions, and emotional depth. From the masterworks of the past to the innovative experiments of the present, every element of classical music reflects the genius and creativity of its composers and performers. By understanding the instruments, keys, tempos, and common elements that define the genre, aspiring artists and listeners alike can gain a deeper appreciation for the music and its enduring legacy.

We have analyzed a large amount of classical music Songs to give you an overview about key and tempo distributions in classical music. At the bottom of the page, you can find all sub-genres of classical music to get more details in specific sub-genres as the average tempo per genre.

Most used keys for Classical music

Most used fundamental keys for Classical music

Most used tempo/BPM for Classical music

List of Classical music subgenres with average tempo/bpm

Klick on the subgenre to get detailed statistics for harmonic and tempo distribubion of the subgenre.
Subgenre Average Tempo
21st century classical 103 bpm
acousmatic 103 bpm
african-american classical 121 bpm
american 21st century classical 115 bpm
american choir 98 bpm
american classical piano 94 bpm
american contemporary classical 101 bpm
american early music 130 bpm
american modern classical 101 bpm
american orchestra 101 bpm
american romanticism 99 bpm
ancient mediterranean 109 bpm
andalusian classical
anglican liturgy 100 bpm
ars subtilior
art song 109 bpm
australian choir 122 bpm
australian classical 107 bpm
australian classical piano 117 bpm
austrian choir 106 bpm
austrian classical piano 114 bpm
austrian contemporary classical
austrian orchestra 101 bpm
austro-german modernism 102 bpm
avant-garde 104 bpm
balkan classical piano 98 bpm
ballet class 117 bpm
baltic choir 100 bpm
baltic classical 97 bpm
baltic classical piano 117 bpm
barockinterpreten 97 bpm
baroque 106 bpm
baroque brass 127 bpm
baroque cello
baroque ensemble 104 bpm
baroque singing 109 bpm
baroque violin 111 bpm
baroque woodwind 102 bpm
belgian classical piano
belgian contemporary classical 118 bpm
bible 85 bpm
bohemian baroque
bosnian indie
boy soprano
brass quintet
brazilian classical 108 bpm
brazilian classical piano 90 bpm
brazilian contemporary classical 113 bpm
british brass band 103 bpm
british choir 99 bpm
british classical piano 103 bpm
british contemporary classical 102 bpm
british electroacoustic 75 bpm
british modern classical 102 bpm
british orchestra 104 bpm
cambridge choir 95 bpm
canadian choir 145 bpm
canadian classical 99 bpm
canadian classical piano 115 bpm
canadian contemporary classical
canadian experimental 115 bpm
cantonese opera 82 bpm
cathedral choir
caucasian classical 114 bpm
caucasian classical piano 91 bpm
cello 117 bpm
cello ensemble 136 bpm
chabad niggunim 104 bpm
chamber choir 115 bpm
chamber ensemble 100 bpm
chamber orchestra 108 bpm
chinese classical 120 bpm
chinese classical performance 108 bpm
chinese classical piano 113 bpm
choral 99 bpm
christian a cappella 112 bpm
clarinet ensemble
classical 103 bpm
classical accordion 137 bpm
classical baritone 106 bpm
classical bass 101 bpm
classical bassoon 87 bpm
classical cello 102 bpm
classical clarinet 106 bpm
classical contralto
classical countertenor 91 bpm
classical drill 124 bpm
classical era 109 bpm
classical flute 100 bpm
classical guitar 105 bpm
classical guitar duo
classical guitar quartet
classical harp 113 bpm
classical horn 95 bpm
classical mandolin 88 bpm
classical mezzo-soprano 106 bpm
classical oboe 110 bpm
classical organ 90 bpm
classical percussion 112 bpm
classical performance 102 bpm
classical piano 97 bpm
classical piano duo 127 bpm
classical piano quartet
classical piano trio 105 bpm
classical saxophone 94 bpm
classical saxophone quartet 97 bpm
classical soprano 99 bpm
classical string trio 98 bpm
classical tenor 101 bpm
classical trombone
classical trumpet 118 bpm
classical tuba
cologne indie 121 bpm
compositional ambient 109 bpm
concert band 129 bpm
contemporary choir
contemporary classical 105 bpm
contemporary classical piano 124 bpm
convent 110 bpm
czech classical 117 bpm
czech classical piano 94 bpm
czech contemporary classical 96 bpm
danish choir
danish classical 80 bpm
danish contemporary classical
downtempo fusion 114 bpm
dutch baroque
dutch classical piano 125 bpm
dutch contemporary classical 170 bpm
early avant garde 129 bpm
early modern classical 100 bpm
early music 105 bpm
early music choir 117 bpm
early music ensemble 104 bpm
early romantic era 101 bpm
electroacoustic composition
english baroque 127 bpm
english renaissance 91 bpm
epicore 115 bpm
experimental classical 110 bpm
fictitious orchestra 112 bpm
finnish choir
finnish classical 77 bpm
finnish contemporary classical
franco-flemish school 77 bpm
french baroque 107 bpm
french classical piano 92 bpm
french contemporary classical 102 bpm
french opera 100 bpm
french orchestra 100 bpm
french renaissance 100 bpm
french romanticism 112 bpm
galante era 101 bpm
gay chorus
georgian polyphony
german baroque 129 bpm
german ccm 117 bpm
german choir 75 bpm
german classical piano 108 bpm
german contemporary classical 85 bpm
german literature 102 bpm
german opera 102 bpm
german orchestra 104 bpm
german renaissance
german romanticism 120 bpm
gospel italiano 158 bpm
greek contemporary classical 110 bpm
greek guitar 155 bpm
gregorian chant 105 bpm
guidance 128 bpm
guitarra clasica 114 bpm
harpsichord 99 bpm
hengelliset laulut
hindustani classical 118 bpm
historic classical performance 84 bpm
historic orchestral performance 101 bpm
historic piano performance 78 bpm
historic string quartet
historical keyboard 105 bpm
historically informed performance 99 bpm
horn ensemble
hungarian choir
hungarian classical performance 101 bpm
hungarian classical piano 121 bpm
hungarian contemporary classical
icelandic choir
icelandic classical 94 bpm
icelandic experimental 82 bpm
icelandic indie 116 bpm
indian classical
indie liguria 120 bpm
irish classical 102 bpm
irish contemporary classical 101 bpm
israeli classical 88 bpm
israeli classical piano 137 bpm
italian baritone 94 bpm
italian baroque 99 bpm
italian baroque ensemble 90 bpm
italian bass 100 bpm
italian choir 104 bpm
italian classical guitar
italian classical piano 102 bpm
italian contemporary classical
italian mezzo-soprano
italian opera 95 bpm
italian orchestra 102 bpm
italian renaissance 117 bpm
italian romanticism 104 bpm
italian soprano 108 bpm
italian tenor 106 bpm
italian violin 109 bpm
japanese choir
japanese classical 112 bpm
japanese classical performance 110 bpm
japanese classical piano 97 bpm
japanese concert band 123 bpm
japanese contemporary classical
japanese guitar 104 bpm
japanese orchestra 131 bpm
javanese dangdut 121 bpm
jewish cantorial
korean classical performance 111 bpm
korean classical piano
korean contemporary classical
laboratorio 124 bpm
late romantic era 102 bpm
latin american classical piano 100 bpm
latin classical 95 bpm
lds instrumental 119 bpm
lute 105 bpm
marching band 122 bpm
medieval 87 bpm
medieval ensemble 108 bpm
mevlevi sufi
mexican classical
military band 113 bpm
minimalism 97 bpm
minnesang 100 bpm
modern cello 106 bpm
modern chamber music 131 bpm
modern performance 136 bpm
modern string quartet 151 bpm
musica antigua 122 bpm
musica calabrese 126 bpm
musica etnica 122 bpm
musica sarda 100 bpm
musique ancienne 83 bpm
musique concrete
neo-classical 114 bpm
neoclassical darkwave 104 bpm
neoclassicism 99 bpm
new isolationism 116 bpm
new zealand classical 122 bpm
nordic classical piano 102 bpm
nordic contemporary classical 104 bpm
nordic orchestra 105 bpm
nordic soundtrack 107 bpm
norwegian choir 40 bpm
norwegian classical 108 bpm
opera 101 bpm
opera chorus 102 bpm
operetta 85 bpm
orchestra 103 bpm
orchestral performance 100 bpm
orchestral soundtrack 105 bpm
oriental classical 99 bpm
orkiestra symfoniczna 97 bpm
orthodox chant 108 bpm
oxford choir 99 bpm
poetry 112 bpm
polish choir
polish classical 120 bpm
polish classical piano
polish contemporary classical 88 bpm
polish early music
portuguese classical 127 bpm
portuguese contemporary classical
portuguese early music
post-romantic era 103 bpm
prepared piano
puirt-a-beul 133 bpm
quartetto d'archi
quatuor a cordes 140 bpm
radio symphony 98 bpm
recorder 84 bpm
romanian classical piano
romanian contemporary classical 106 bpm
russian classical piano 111 bpm
russian contemporary classical 120 bpm
russian modern classical 103 bpm
russian orchestra 104 bpm
russian romanticism 114 bpm
serialism 98 bpm
spanish baroque 97 bpm
spanish classical 105 bpm
spanish classical piano 70 bpm
spanish contemporary classical
spanish renaissance 114 bpm
steampunk 106 bpm
streichquartett 89 bpm
string duo 106 bpm
string orchestra 115 bpm
string quartet 96 bpm
string quintet
swedish choir 130 bpm
swedish classical
swedish contemporary classical 73 bpm
swiss classical piano
swiss contemporary classical
symfonicky orchestr 113 bpm
synthetic classical
taiwan classical performance 86 bpm
theremin 120 bpm
trombone ensemble
turkish classical 78 bpm
turkish classical performance 97 bpm
ukrainian choir 66 bpm
ukrainian classical 81 bpm
ukrainian classical piano 93 bpm
ukrainian contemporary classical
university choir 127 bpm
uwielbienie 122 bpm
vgm instrumental 114 bpm
victorian britain
video game music 111 bpm
vintage classical singing 82 bpm
viola 125 bpm
viola da gamba 89 bpm
violao classico
violin 104 bpm
vocal ensemble
wagnerian singing 95 bpm
wind ensemble
wind quintet
wind symphony 148 bpm
women's choir 187 bpm
youth orchestra 72 bpm