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Popular Jazz Music Artists

Discover Jazz with top artists, albums, subgenres and listen to songs with tempo, key distribution statistics

Discover which keys and tempos are mostly used in Jazz music

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Jazz music, with its improvisational spirit and infectious rhythms, has captivated audiences around the world for over a century. Rooted in the African-American musical traditions of blues and ragtime, jazz has evolved into a diverse and dynamic genre that encompasses a wide range of styles and influences. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the intricate world of jazz music, examining the instruments, keys, tempos, and common elements that define the genre.

I. Instruments in Jazz Music:

  1. Brass Instruments: The Heart of Jazz
    • Brass instruments such as the trumpet, trombone, and saxophone are the heart of jazz music, providing the bold melodies and expressive solos that define the genre.
    • From the fiery improvisations of a bebop saxophonist to the soulful wails of a New Orleans trumpet player, brass instruments are prized for their versatility and virtuosity in jazz music performances.
  2. Rhythm Section: Keeping the Groove
    • The rhythm section, consisting of instruments such as the piano, bass, and drums, provides the rhythmic foundation for jazz music.
    • From the swinging rhythms of a stride piano to the funky grooves of a modern jazz bassist, the rhythm section drives the music forward and sets the stage for improvisation and creativity.
  3. Guitar and Vibraphone: Adding Texture and Color
    • Guitar and vibraphone are often used in jazz music to add texture and color to the arrangement.
    • From the delicate chord voicings of a jazz guitarist to the shimmering tones of a vibraphonist, these instruments enhance the sonic landscape of jazz music and add depth to the composition.
  4. Woodwind Instruments: Adding Melody and Harmony
    • Woodwind instruments such as the flute, clarinet, and bassoon are used in jazz music to add melody and harmony to the arrangement.
    • From the smooth lines of a clarinet solo to the haunting melodies of a flute improvisation, woodwind instruments contribute to the melodic richness and expressiveness of jazz music performances.
  5. Vocals: Telling Stories and Expressing Emotions
    • Vocals are an integral part of jazz music, with singers using their voices to tell stories, express emotions, and connect with audiences.
    • From the sultry crooning of a jazz diva to the scatting improvisations of a bebop vocalist, vocals add a personal and intimate touch to jazz music performances.

II. Keys and Tempos in Jazz Music:

  1. Key Considerations
    • Jazz music often explores a wide range of keys, with musicians drawing inspiration from various harmonic progressions and modalities.
    • Key changes are used strategically to create tension and release, with musicians often employing sophisticated harmonic techniques such as chromaticism and modulation.
  2. The Tempo Factor
    • Tempos in jazz music can vary widely, ranging from slow and sultry ballads to fast-paced and frenetic bebop tunes.
    • Popular tempos include around 60-80 beats per minute (bpm) for ballads and 180-240 bpm for up-tempo swing and bebop tunes.

III. Common Elements in Jazz Music:

  1. Improvisation and Spontaneity
    • Improvisation is a central element of jazz music, with musicians spontaneously creating melodies and solos over the chord changes of a song.
    • From the blistering runs of a bebop saxophonist to the soulful blues licks of a jazz guitarist, improvisation allows musicians to express their creativity and individuality in real-time.
  2. Swing Feel and Groove
    • Swing feel and groove are essential aspects of jazz music, with musicians emphasizing the off-beats and syncopations to create a sense of swing and momentum.
    • Whether it's the laid-back swing of a big band ensemble or the driving groove of a modern jazz quartet, swing feel and groove give jazz music its distinctive rhythmic energy and flow.
  3. Call and Response
    • Call and response is a common technique used in jazz music, with musicians engaging in a musical dialogue and trading phrases back and forth.
    • Whether it's the playful banter of a jazz quartet or the spirited exchanges of a jazz jam session, call and response adds excitement and spontaneity to jazz music performances.
  4. Harmonic Complexity and Innovation
    • Harmonic complexity and innovation are hallmark traits of jazz music, with musicians pushing the boundaries of harmony and chord progressions.
    • Whether it's the sophisticated chord voicings of a jazz pianist or the adventurous harmonies of a modern jazz composer, harmonic complexity and innovation drive the evolution of jazz music.


In conclusion, jazz music is a vibrant and dynamic genre that continues to push the boundaries of creativity and expression. From the smoky clubs of New Orleans to the concert halls of New York City, jazz music has captivated audiences around the world with its infectious rhythms, soulful melodies, and spontaneous improvisation. By understanding the instruments, keys, tempos, and common elements that define the genre, aspiring musicians and jazz enthusiasts alike can gain a deeper appreciation for the music and its enduring legacy.

We have analyzed a large amount of jazz music Songs to give you an overview about key and tempo distributions in jazz music. At the bottom of the page, you can find all sub-genres of jazz music to get more details in specific sub-genres as the average tempo per genre.

Most used keys for Jazz music

Most used fundamental keys for Jazz music

Most used tempo/BPM for Jazz music

List of Jazz music subgenres with average tempo/bpm

Klick on the subgenre to get detailed statistics for harmonic and tempo distribubion of the subgenre.
Genre Subgenre Average Tempo
Jazz a cappella 105 bpm
Jazz aarhus indie 107 bpm
Jazz abstract beats 110 bpm
Jazz acid jazz 116 bpm
Jazz arabic jazz 111 bpm
Jazz argentine jazz 96 bpm
Jazz audiophile vocal 110 bpm
Jazz australian jazz 105 bpm
Jazz austrian jazz 94 bpm
Jazz avant-garde jazz 104 bpm
Jazz background jazz 101 bpm
Jazz backing track 159 bpm
Jazz bal-musette 150 bpm
Jazz bass trip 111 bpm
Jazz beat poetry 114 bpm
Jazz bebop 109 bpm
Jazz belgian jazz 116 bpm
Jazz belgian modern jazz 113 bpm
Jazz bossa nova 112 bpm
Jazz bossa nova jazz 108 bpm
Jazz brazilian jazz 112 bpm
Jazz brazilian modern jazz 132 bpm
Jazz british experimental 113 bpm
Jazz british jazz 117 bpm
Jazz cabaret 100 bpm
Jazz canadian modern jazz 110 bpm
Jazz carnatic 120 bpm
carnatic instrumental
Jazz chill lounge 108 bpm
Jazz chinese jazz 119 bpm
Jazz classic japanese jazz 111 bpm
Jazz classical jazz fusion 127 bpm
Jazz contemporary jazz 115 bpm
Jazz contemporary post-bop 114 bpm
Jazz contemporary vocal jazz 104 bpm
Jazz contrabass 85 bpm
Jazz cool jazz 111 bpm
Jazz danish jazz 128 bpm
Jazz danish modern jazz 112 bpm
Jazz dark jazz 98 bpm
Jazz deep free jazz 122 bpm
Jazz deep jazz fusion 120 bpm
Jazz deep smooth jazz 105 bpm
Jazz deep vocal jazz 93 bpm
Jazz detske pisnicky 123 bpm
Jazz dinner jazz 103 bpm
Jazz dortmund indie 127 bpm
Jazz dub poetry 109 bpm
Jazz dutch jazz 88 bpm
eastern bloc groove
Jazz ecm-style jazz 98 bpm
Jazz electric bass 112 bpm
Jazz electro jazz 113 bpm
Jazz electroacoustic improvisation 84 bpm
Jazz estonian jazz 93 bpm
Jazz ethio-jazz 118 bpm
Jazz experimental big band 68 bpm
Jazz experimental guitar 97 bpm
Jazz experimental jazz 123 bpm
Jazz experimental percussion 111 bpm
Jazz experimental poetry 115 bpm
Jazz experimental vocal 139 bpm
Jazz finnish jazz 144 bpm
Jazz finnish modern jazz 116 bpm
Jazz folclore salteno 119 bpm
Jazz frafra 120 bpm
Jazz free improvisation 115 bpm
Jazz free jazz 116 bpm
Jazz french jazz 118 bpm
Jazz galician jazz 131 bpm
Jazz german jazz 110 bpm
Jazz greek jazz 158 bpm
Jazz gypsy jazz 121 bpm
Jazz hammond organ 112 bpm
Jazz hard bop 122 bpm
Jazz harmonica jazz 93 bpm
Jazz hindustani vocal 92 bpm
Jazz honky-tonk piano 115 bpm
Jazz hot jazz 118 bpm
Jazz icelandic jazz 140 bpm
Jazz indian jazz 101 bpm
Jazz indian violin 117 bpm
Jazz indie jazz 112 bpm
Jazz indonesian jazz 101 bpm
irish modern jazz
Jazz israeli indie 114 bpm
Jazz israeli jazz 118 bpm
Jazz italian contemporary jazz 117 bpm
Jazz italian jazz 119 bpm
Jazz italian jazz fusion 102 bpm
Jazz italian lounge 121 bpm
Jazz japanese jazz 120 bpm
Jazz japanese jazz fusion 121 bpm
Jazz japanese vocal jazz 176 bpm
japanese worship
Jazz jazz 123 bpm
Jazz jazz accordion 115 bpm
Jazz jazz brass 126 bpm
Jazz jazz catala 107 bpm
Jazz jazz composition 142 bpm
Jazz jazz double bass 115 bpm
Jazz jazz drums 118 bpm
Jazz jazz flute 107 bpm
Jazz jazz funk 116 bpm
Jazz jazz fusion 131 bpm
Jazz jazz guitar 108 bpm
Jazz jazz guitar trio 149 bpm
Jazz jazz harp 86 bpm
Jazz jazz organ 121 bpm
Jazz jazz piano 105 bpm
Jazz jazz puertorriqueno 119 bpm
Jazz jazz quartet 111 bpm
Jazz jazz saxophone 111 bpm
Jazz jazz trio 81 bpm
Jazz jazz trumpet 110 bpm
Jazz jazz tuba 114 bpm
Jazz jazz venezolano 181 bpm
Jazz jazz vibraphone 144 bpm
Jazz jazz violin 98 bpm
Jazz jazz worship 94 bpm
Jazz jazzcore 114 bpm
Jazz jazztronica 112 bpm
Jazz judaica 107 bpm
Jazz korean jazz 95 bpm
Jazz latin jazz 110 bpm
Jazz lithuanian indie 159 bpm
lithuanian jazz
Jazz modern free jazz 90 bpm
Jazz modern jazz piano 113 bpm
Jazz modern jazz trio 116 bpm
Jazz music hall 104 bpm
Jazz musica feirense 119 bpm
Jazz neo soul-jazz 109 bpm
Jazz new delhi indie 88 bpm
Jazz new england experimental 121 bpm
Jazz new orleans jazz 103 bpm
Jazz norwegian contemporary jazz 133 bpm
norwegian experimental
Jazz norwegian jazz 92 bpm
Jazz nu jazz 116 bpm
Jazz nz jazz 95 bpm
Jazz nz reggae 113 bpm
Jazz pakistani indie 118 bpm
Jazz plunderphonics 112 bpm
Jazz polish jazz 130 bpm
Jazz polish modern jazz 104 bpm
Jazz portuguese jazz 103 bpm
Jazz progressive jazz fusion 134 bpm
Jazz psychedelic jazz fusion 116 bpm
Jazz ragtime 137 bpm
Jazz rap catarinense 155 bpm
Jazz rare groove 113 bpm
Jazz russian jazz 122 bpm
russian modern jazz
Jazz samba-jazz 127 bpm
saxophone trio
Jazz school ensemble 100 bpm
Jazz scottish jazz 86 bpm
serbian indie
Jazz ska jazz 129 bpm
Jazz skiffle 137 bpm
Jazz smooth jazz 109 bpm
Jazz smooth saxophone 114 bpm
Jazz soul jazz 109 bpm
Jazz south african jazz 75 bpm
Jazz south african modern jazz 129 bpm
Jazz spanish jazz 98 bpm
Jazz spiritual jazz 111 bpm
Jazz steelpan 107 bpm
Jazz straight-ahead jazz 90 bpm
Jazz swedish jazz 114 bpm
swedish jazz orkester
Jazz swiss jazz 111 bpm
Jazz torch song 110 bpm
Jazz turkish jazz 124 bpm
Jazz turkish modern jazz 119 bpm
Jazz tzadik 118 bpm
Jazz uk contemporary jazz 120 bpm
Jazz vaudeville 77 bpm
vintage finnish jazz
Jazz vintage jazz 119 bpm
Jazz vocal jazz 111 bpm
Jazz washboard 167 bpm
Jazz west african jazz 109 bpm