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Popular Jazz Music Artists

Discover Jazz with top artists, albums, subgenres and listen to songs with tempo, key distribution statistics

Discover which keys and tempos are mostly used in Jazz music

Every artist can be associated to more than one genre. Please take into account that the data is not always 100% accurate. Some songs could have been measured with double or half-time counting!

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Jazz music, with its improvisational spirit and infectious rhythms, has captivated audiences around the world for over a century. Rooted in the African-American musical traditions of blues and ragtime, jazz has evolved into a diverse and dynamic genre that encompasses a wide range of styles and influences. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the intricate world of jazz music, examining the instruments, keys, tempos, and common elements that define the genre.

I. Instruments in Jazz Music:

  1. Brass Instruments: The Heart of Jazz
    • Brass instruments such as the trumpet, trombone, and saxophone are the heart of jazz music, providing the bold melodies and expressive solos that define the genre.
    • From the fiery improvisations of a bebop saxophonist to the soulful wails of a New Orleans trumpet player, brass instruments are prized for their versatility and virtuosity in jazz music performances.
  2. Rhythm Section: Keeping the Groove
    • The rhythm section, consisting of instruments such as the piano, bass, and drums, provides the rhythmic foundation for jazz music.
    • From the swinging rhythms of a stride piano to the funky grooves of a modern jazz bassist, the rhythm section drives the music forward and sets the stage for improvisation and creativity.
  3. Guitar and Vibraphone: Adding Texture and Color
    • Guitar and vibraphone are often used in jazz music to add texture and color to the arrangement.
    • From the delicate chord voicings of a jazz guitarist to the shimmering tones of a vibraphonist, these instruments enhance the sonic landscape of jazz music and add depth to the composition.
  4. Woodwind Instruments: Adding Melody and Harmony
    • Woodwind instruments such as the flute, clarinet, and bassoon are used in jazz music to add melody and harmony to the arrangement.
    • From the smooth lines of a clarinet solo to the haunting melodies of a flute improvisation, woodwind instruments contribute to the melodic richness and expressiveness of jazz music performances.
  5. Vocals: Telling Stories and Expressing Emotions
    • Vocals are an integral part of jazz music, with singers using their voices to tell stories, express emotions, and connect with audiences.
    • From the sultry crooning of a jazz diva to the scatting improvisations of a bebop vocalist, vocals add a personal and intimate touch to jazz music performances.

II. Keys and Tempos in Jazz Music:

  1. Key Considerations
    • Jazz music often explores a wide range of keys, with musicians drawing inspiration from various harmonic progressions and modalities.
    • Key changes are used strategically to create tension and release, with musicians often employing sophisticated harmonic techniques such as chromaticism and modulation.
  2. The Tempo Factor
    • Tempos in jazz music can vary widely, ranging from slow and sultry ballads to fast-paced and frenetic bebop tunes.
    • Popular tempos include around 60-80 beats per minute (bpm) for ballads and 180-240 bpm for up-tempo swing and bebop tunes.

III. Common Elements in Jazz Music:

  1. Improvisation and Spontaneity
    • Improvisation is a central element of jazz music, with musicians spontaneously creating melodies and solos over the chord changes of a song.
    • From the blistering runs of a bebop saxophonist to the soulful blues licks of a jazz guitarist, improvisation allows musicians to express their creativity and individuality in real-time.
  2. Swing Feel and Groove
    • Swing feel and groove are essential aspects of jazz music, with musicians emphasizing the off-beats and syncopations to create a sense of swing and momentum.
    • Whether it's the laid-back swing of a big band ensemble or the driving groove of a modern jazz quartet, swing feel and groove give jazz music its distinctive rhythmic energy and flow.
  3. Call and Response
    • Call and response is a common technique used in jazz music, with musicians engaging in a musical dialogue and trading phrases back and forth.
    • Whether it's the playful banter of a jazz quartet or the spirited exchanges of a jazz jam session, call and response adds excitement and spontaneity to jazz music performances.
  4. Harmonic Complexity and Innovation
    • Harmonic complexity and innovation are hallmark traits of jazz music, with musicians pushing the boundaries of harmony and chord progressions.
    • Whether it's the sophisticated chord voicings of a jazz pianist or the adventurous harmonies of a modern jazz composer, harmonic complexity and innovation drive the evolution of jazz music.


In conclusion, jazz music is a vibrant and dynamic genre that continues to push the boundaries of creativity and expression. From the smoky clubs of New Orleans to the concert halls of New York City, jazz music has captivated audiences around the world with its infectious rhythms, soulful melodies, and spontaneous improvisation. By understanding the instruments, keys, tempos, and common elements that define the genre, aspiring musicians and jazz enthusiasts alike can gain a deeper appreciation for the music and its enduring legacy.

We have analyzed a large amount of jazz music Songs to give you an overview about key and tempo distributions in jazz music. At the bottom of the page, you can find all sub-genres of jazz music to get more details in specific sub-genres as the average tempo per genre.

Most used keys for Jazz music

Most used fundamental keys for Jazz music

Most used tempo/BPM for Jazz music

List of Jazz music subgenres with average tempo/bpm

Klick on the subgenre to get detailed statistics for harmonic and tempo distribubion of the subgenre.
Subgenre Average Tempo
a cappella 114 bpm
aarhus indie 111 bpm
abstract beats 112 bpm
acid jazz 115 bpm
arabic jazz 111 bpm
argentine jazz 95 bpm
audiophile vocal 110 bpm
australian jazz 105 bpm
austrian jazz 101 bpm
avant-garde jazz 108 bpm
background jazz 108 bpm
backing track 132 bpm
bal-musette 150 bpm
bass trip 109 bpm
beat poetry 114 bpm
bebop 112 bpm
belgian jazz 111 bpm
belgian modern jazz 120 bpm
bossa nova 115 bpm
bossa nova jazz 114 bpm
brazilian jazz 111 bpm
brazilian modern jazz 132 bpm
british experimental 118 bpm
british jazz 117 bpm
cabaret 108 bpm
canadian modern jazz 112 bpm
carnatic 120 bpm
carnatic instrumental 115 bpm
chill lounge 112 bpm
chinese jazz 121 bpm
classic japanese jazz 113 bpm
classical jazz fusion 131 bpm
contemporary jazz 116 bpm
contemporary post-bop 114 bpm
contemporary vocal jazz 113 bpm
contrabass 106 bpm
cool jazz 109 bpm
czech jazz
danish jazz 119 bpm
danish modern jazz 112 bpm
dark jazz 100 bpm
deep free jazz 122 bpm
deep jazz fusion 117 bpm
deep smooth jazz 108 bpm
deep vocal jazz 93 bpm
detske pisnicky 123 bpm
dinner jazz 115 bpm
dortmund indie 127 bpm
dub poetry 98 bpm
dutch jazz 91 bpm
eastern bloc groove
ecm-style jazz 98 bpm
electric bass 113 bpm
electro jazz 114 bpm
electroacoustic improvisation 84 bpm
estonian jazz
ethio-jazz 93 bpm
experimental big band 62 bpm
experimental guitar 96 bpm
experimental jazz 119 bpm
experimental percussion 111 bpm
experimental poetry 133 bpm
experimental vocal 149 bpm
finnish jazz 161 bpm
finnish modern jazz
folclore salteno 117 bpm
frafra 120 bpm
free improvisation 84 bpm
free jazz 114 bpm
french jazz 120 bpm
galician jazz 131 bpm
german jazz 112 bpm
greek jazz 158 bpm
gypsy jazz 121 bpm
hammond organ 113 bpm
hard bop 122 bpm
harmonica jazz 93 bpm
hindustani vocal 157 bpm
honky-tonk piano 115 bpm
hot jazz 118 bpm
humppa 193 bpm
icelandic jazz 140 bpm
indian jazz 101 bpm
indian violin
indie jazz 113 bpm
indonesian jazz 109 bpm
irish modern jazz
israeli indie 121 bpm
israeli jazz 119 bpm
italian contemporary jazz 113 bpm
italian jazz 117 bpm
italian jazz fusion 102 bpm
italian lounge 118 bpm
japanese jazz 120 bpm
japanese jazz fusion 127 bpm
japanese vocal jazz 175 bpm
jazz 114 bpm
jazz accordion 116 bpm
jazz boliviano
jazz brass 130 bpm
jazz catala 108 bpm
jazz composition 142 bpm
jazz double bass 107 bpm
jazz drums 120 bpm
jazz flute 111 bpm
jazz funk 112 bpm
jazz fusion 128 bpm
jazz guitar 110 bpm
jazz guitar trio 149 bpm
jazz harp 86 bpm
jazz organ 116 bpm
jazz piano 111 bpm
jazz puertorriqueno 119 bpm
jazz quartet 117 bpm
jazz saxophone 115 bpm
jazz trio 111 bpm
jazz trumpet 113 bpm
jazz tuba 124 bpm
jazz venezolano 181 bpm
jazz vibraphone 142 bpm
jazz violin 102 bpm
jazz worship 104 bpm
jazzcore 114 bpm
jazztronica 115 bpm
judaica 110 bpm
korean jazz 99 bpm
latin jazz 116 bpm
lithuanian indie 159 bpm
lithuanian jazz
mallet 104 bpm
modern free jazz 90 bpm
modern jazz piano 93 bpm
modern jazz trio 114 bpm
music hall 106 bpm
musica feirense 131 bpm
neo soul-jazz 109 bpm
new delhi indie 88 bpm
new england experimental 121 bpm
new orleans jazz 114 bpm
norwegian contemporary jazz 129 bpm
norwegian experimental
norwegian jazz 93 bpm
nu jazz 112 bpm
nz jazz 108 bpm
nz reggae 116 bpm
pakistani indie 125 bpm
plunderphonics 118 bpm
polish jazz 133 bpm
polish modern jazz 107 bpm
portuguese jazz 103 bpm
progressive jazz fusion 130 bpm
psychedelic jazz fusion 112 bpm
ragtime 137 bpm
rap catarinense
rare groove 112 bpm
russian jazz 120 bpm
russian modern jazz
samba-jazz 119 bpm
saxophone trio
school ensemble 100 bpm
scottish jazz 109 bpm
serbian indie
ska jazz 129 bpm
skiffle 137 bpm
smooth jazz 113 bpm
smooth saxophone 118 bpm
soul jazz 112 bpm
south african jazz 100 bpm
south african modern jazz 129 bpm
spanish jazz 148 bpm
spiritual jazz 105 bpm
steelpan 107 bpm
straight-ahead jazz 115 bpm
swedish jazz 115 bpm
swedish jazz orkester
swiss jazz 107 bpm
torch song 111 bpm
turkish jazz 123 bpm
turkish modern jazz 121 bpm
tzadik 118 bpm
uk contemporary jazz 111 bpm
vaudeville 77 bpm
vintage finnish jazz
vintage jazz 119 bpm
vocal jazz 111 bpm
washboard 167 bpm
west african jazz 109 bpm