Find Mixing or Music Ideas with Song Finder where you can filter our Music-Database by Genre, BPM and Key instantly with audio previews for many tracks. Analyse music with our Key BPM analyser and our free BPM tapper tool.

Popular R&B Music Artists

Discover R&B with top artists, albums, subgenres and listen to songs with tempo, key distribution statistics

Discover which keys and tempos are mostly used in R&B music

Every artist can be associated to more than one genre. Please take into account that the data is not always 100% accurate. Some songs could have been measured with double or half-time counting!

List of over 6000 music genres and subgenres
Artist Song Title Preview Popularity Listen on Spotify Key Camelot Tempo


R&B music, with its soulful melodies and smooth grooves, has been a cornerstone of popular music for decades. Rooted in the rich traditions of rhythm and blues, this genre continues to captivate audiences with its emotive lyrics and infectious rhythms. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the intricate world of R&B music, examining the instruments, keys, tempos, and common elements that define the genre.

I. Instruments in R&B Music:

  1. Piano and Keyboards: Setting the Mood
    • Piano and keyboards play a central role in shaping the harmonic and melodic aspects of R&B music.
    • From soulful chords to funky riffs, these instruments provide the foundation for expressive vocal performances.
  2. Bass Guitar: Establishing the Groove
    • The bass guitar forms the rhythmic backbone of R&B music, providing a deep and resonant foundation for the groove.
    • Its melodic and rhythmic interplay with the drums creates a dynamic pulse that drives the song forward.
  3. Drums and Percussion: Adding Flavor
    • Drums and percussion instruments add texture and flavor to R&B music, providing rhythmic accents and fills.
    • From tight snare hits to shimmering cymbal crashes, these elements enhance the overall groove and feel of the song.
  4. Guitar: Adding Soulful Licks
    • The guitar is often used to add soulful licks and melodic flourishes to R&B music.
    • Whether it's a smooth jazz chord progression or a funky rhythm riff, the guitar adds depth and character to the arrangement.
  5. Horns and Brass: Adding Punch and Power
    • Horns and brass instruments are used to add punch and power to R&B arrangements.
    • Whether it's a vibrant horn section or a soulful trumpet solo, these elements elevate the energy and intensity of the music.

II. Keys and Tempos in R&B Music:

  1. Key Considerations
    • R&B music often explores a wide range of keys, from lush and romantic ballads to gritty and bluesy numbers.
    • Key changes are used strategically to evoke different emotions and moods throughout a song.
  2. The Tempo Factor
    • Tempos in R&B music can vary widely, ranging from slow and sensual ballads to upbeat and danceable grooves.
    • Popular tempos include around 70-90 beats per minute (bpm) for ballads and 90-110 bpm for mid-tempo tracks.

III. Common Elements in R&B Music:

  1. Smooth Melodies and Harmonies
    • R&B music is known for its smooth melodies and lush harmonies, often featuring rich vocal arrangements and tight vocal harmonies.
    • Whether it's a heartfelt ballad or an upbeat groove, strong melodies and harmonies are essential elements of the genre.
  2. Emotive Lyrics and Storytelling
    • Emotive lyrics and storytelling are hallmarks of R&B music, with artists often exploring themes of love, heartache, and personal struggle.
    • Whether it's a soulful ballad or an uptempo anthem, R&B lyrics are designed to resonate with listeners on a deep and emotional level.
  3. Groove and Feel
    • The groove and feel of R&B music are crucial to its success, with artists and producers carefully crafting rhythms and arrangements that make listeners want to move.
    • Whether it's a laid-back groove or an infectious dance beat, R&B music is all about capturing the feel-good vibe and getting people on their feet.
  4. Influence of Gospel and Blues
    • R&B music has deep roots in gospel and blues traditions, with artists often drawing inspiration from these genres in their music.
    • Whether it's the soulful vocal delivery or the bluesy chord progressions, the influence of gospel and blues can be heard in every aspect of R&B music.


In conclusion, R&B music is a genre rich in history, soul, and emotion, with a sound that continues to evolve and captivate audiences around the world. From the smooth melodies of the piano to the funky grooves of the bass guitar, every element of R&B music is designed to make listeners feel something deep and profound. By understanding the instruments, keys, tempos, and common elements that define the genre, aspiring artists and fans alike can gain a deeper appreciation for the music and its enduring legacy.

We have analyzed a large amount of R&B music Songs to give you an overview about key and tempo distributions in R&B music. At the bottom of the page, you can find all sub-genres of R&B music to get more details in specific sub-genres as the average tempo per genre.

Most used keys for R&B music

Most used fundamental keys for R&B music

Most used tempo/BPM for R&B music

List of R&B music subgenres with average tempo/bpm

Klick on the subgenre to get detailed statistics for harmonic and tempo distribubion of the subgenre.
Genre Subgenre Average Tempo
R&B afro r&b 116 bpm
R&B afro soul 116 bpm
R&B afrobeats 112 bpm
R&B afrofuturism 115 bpm
R&B alternative r&b 115 bpm
R&B arkansas indie 125 bpm
R&B australian r&b 114 bpm
R&B austrian indie 125 bpm
R&B bboy 113 bpm
R&B beach music 122 bpm
R&B bedroom r&b 122 bpm
R&B bedroom soul 113 bpm
R&B black comedy 104 bpm
R&B boogie 117 bpm
R&B brass band 109 bpm
R&B brazilian soul 114 bpm
R&B brit funk 113 bpm
R&B british soul 116 bpm
R&B bulgarian r&b 111 bpm
R&B canadian contemporary r&b 114 bpm
R&B chicago soul 113 bpm
R&B chill r&b 114 bpm
R&B chinese r&b 114 bpm
chinese reggae
R&B classic praise 77 bpm
R&B classic soul 114 bpm
R&B contemporary gospel 123 bpm
R&B contemporary r&b 113 bpm
R&B dangdut koplo 130 bpm
R&B dark r&b 119 bpm
R&B deep disco 123 bpm
R&B deep funk 111 bpm
R&B deep motown 121 bpm
R&B deep northern soul 117 bpm
R&B deep r&b 117 bpm
R&B deep southern soul 113 bpm
R&B disco 114 bpm
R&B dub 117 bpm
R&B dutch r&b 109 bpm
R&B early reggae 116 bpm
R&B electro-pop francais 122 bpm
R&B experimental r&b 115 bpm
R&B finnish soul 148 bpm
R&B fort worth indie 123 bpm
R&B funk 114 bpm
R&B funktronica 119 bpm
R&B funky breaks 109 bpm
R&B german r&b 108 bpm
R&B go-go 115 bpm
R&B gospel 116 bpm
R&B gospel r&b 111 bpm
R&B gospel soul 131 bpm
R&B hi-nrg 127 bpm
R&B indie r&b 110 bpm
R&B indie soul 110 bpm
R&B indonesian r&b 120 bpm
R&B instrumental funk 114 bpm
R&B instrumental soul 109 bpm
R&B italian reggae 127 bpm
R&B japanese r&b 115 bpm
R&B japanese soul 124 bpm
R&B kenyan r&b 160 bpm
R&B korean r&b 112 bpm
R&B language 158 bpm
R&B lo-fi jazzhop 103 bpm
R&B maimouna 132 bpm
R&B mapouka 137 bpm
R&B memphis soul 117 bpm
R&B mento 95 bpm
R&B minneapolis sound 120 bpm
R&B modern funk 112 bpm
R&B motown 108 bpm
musique tchadienne
R&B musique urbaine brazzaville 115 bpm
R&B musique urbaine kinshasa 119 bpm
R&B neo r&b 114 bpm
R&B neo soul 112 bpm
R&B new jack smooth 126 bpm
R&B new jack swing 115 bpm
R&B new orleans funk 116 bpm
R&B new orleans soul 120 bpm
R&B norsk lovsang 117 bpm
R&B northern soul 121 bpm
R&B norwegian gospel 140 bpm
R&B nu disco 117 bpm
R&B ny roots 121 bpm
R&B oc indie 119 bpm
R&B old school dancehall 113 bpm
R&B p funk 117 bpm
R&B philly soul 106 bpm
R&B pinoy r&b 117 bpm
R&B polish indie 115 bpm
R&B pop r&b 115 bpm
R&B pop soul 113 bpm
R&B popping 112 bpm
R&B post-disco 113 bpm
R&B post-disco soul 113 bpm
R&B praise 117 bpm
R&B psychedelic soul 120 bpm
R&B quiet storm 105 bpm
R&B r&b 111 bpm
R&B r&b argentino 124 bpm
R&B r&b brasileiro 115 bpm
R&B r&b en espanol 116 bpm
R&B r&b italiano 114 bpm
R&B rap calme 121 bpm
R&B rap chretien 97 bpm
R&B reggae 116 bpm
R&B reggae cristao 132 bpm
R&B reggae do maranhao 133 bpm
R&B retro soul 112 bpm
R&B roots reggae 123 bpm
R&B scandinavian r&b 116 bpm
R&B sholawat 115 bpm
R&B slam poetry 122 bpm
R&B slow game 111 bpm
R&B smooth soul 114 bpm
R&B soul 104 bpm
R&B souldies 114 bpm
R&B south african r&b 108 bpm
R&B southern soul 111 bpm
R&B street band 103 bpm
R&B swedish soul 117 bpm
R&B swiss reggae 107 bpm
R&B tarantella 92 bpm
R&B traditional funk 108 bpm
R&B traditional reggae 114 bpm
R&B traditional soul 122 bpm
R&B trap queen 124 bpm
R&B trap soul 122 bpm
R&B uk contemporary r&b 116 bpm
R&B vapor soul 117 bpm
R&B vintage reggae 122 bpm